Alex Norcia, a writer for VICE, recently interviewed author Martin Hägglund. Hägglund recently authored a book which covers replacing religion with socialism and his belief that the only way to transform our subsistence, is to accept it will end.
You mention that Karl Marx had “no nostalgia for the premodern world”—do you believe we’re alive right now with little sense that we can form our own history, and don’t have to be subject to it?
The reason Marx had no nostalgia for the premodern world is that he was committed to making the modern idea of freedom a living reality—to fulfill the promise that each one of us ought to be able to lead a free life. In recent decades, the appeal to freedom has been appropriated for agendas on the political right, where the idea of freedom serves to defend “the free market” and is largely reduced to a formal conception of individual liberty. In response, many thinkers on the political left have retreated from or even explicitly rejected the idea of freedom.